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 Circle of Hope is a member of the Minnesota Better Business Bureau Association since January 7, 2016.
Circle of Hope, Non Profit Organizations General Membership, Duluth, MN

Circle of Hope has its financials on Guide Star:

The Real Breast Cancer Facts
Risk Factors
"There are many risk factors for breast cancer that come from a variety of sources.
1. Age-Increasing age puts all women at risk for breast cancer. (Did you know that 2/3's of breast cancer is hormone driven?)
2. Alcohol Consumption-Alcohol usage places one at a higher risk. (One or more drinks a day according to several sources.)
3. Birth-When you haven't given birth before age 30 or haven't given birth at all, you are at increased risk for breast cancer.
4. Breast Implants and Dense Breasts-Implants and dense breasts can place one at higher risk for breast cancer. (Make sure that you have a digital mammogram if you have dense breasts and an MRI if you have genetic or lobular breast cancer. A relative of ours had implants and died of breast cancer in her 30's. Implants can block the cancer in certain women.)
5. Contraceptives-Long term use of contraceptives may put women at risk. (Some women believe that their fertility treatments caused them to get breast cancer.)
6. DES (Diethylstilbesterol-This was a drug that was prescibed to women between the years of 1940-1971 to prevent pregancy complications. It is a strong cause of increased breast cancer risk in the daughters of mother's who took this drug.
7. Family Cancer History-A family history of breast cancer can put a women at risk. This is especially true if you have a first degree relative such as a mother, daughter, sister, or your grandmother. Your chances have increased, and this tendency accounts for 5-10% of all breast cancers.
8. Gender-If you are a woman you are at increased risk for breast cancer. Men can get breast cancer too.
9. Genetic Breast Cancer-BRCA 1 and BRCA 2 are genetic indicators of breast cancer in families. They are tied to cancers that include ovary, thyroid, colon and endrometrial cancers. If you have this gene, you may have a lifetime risk of 35-85% in developing breast cancer. With these genes, depending upon which one it is, you should consider a total bilateral mastectomy and having your ovaries removed after genetic counseling. These genes account for 5% of all cancers. It is also important to have genetic testing if BRCA3, Noey 2, thryoid cancers, Aderomatous polyposis, ovarian, breast cancer, Li Frameri Syndrom,e p.53, BARDI, Wilm's Tumors, or Tetinoblastoma run in your family.
10. High Fat, Low Fiber, Less Fruits and Vegetables-Red meat is often injected with hormones as well as poultry products. It may put women at risk for breast cancer. It is very imporant to eat a diet that is high in fiber, rich in fruits and vegetables like our ancestors.
11. Hormone Pills-Long term use of HTR (estogen or progesterone replacement) therapy puts women at risk for breast cancer. These women get too much estrogen or progesterone circulating in their blood.
12. Environmental Toxins-Enviromental toxins can put women at risk because of the effect they have on their hormonal levels.
13. Menstration and Menopause-If a girl gets her period at a young age (9-12), this increases her risk for breast cancer. A long menstrual history, one that starts early and ends later in life as menopause ending at age 55, also puts one at risk.
14. Race-Caucasian women are at a higher risk of getting breast cancer. (Possibly their diet or use of hormone replacement therapy.) African American and Native American women have a higher fatlity rate as they don't seek treatments early enough. Hispanic, Native American and Asian women have a lower incident rate for breast cancer.  Ashkenazi Jews have a 1 in 40 chance of developing breast cancer. Young women under 40 have a 1 in 227 chance of developing breast cancer. All women have a 1 in 8 change of developing breast cancer.
15. Radiation-If a women has high doeses of ironizing radation before age 35, she may be at risk for breast cancer later in life. Ironizing radiation is the only environmental factor proven to cause breast cancer. If a women has low dose ironizing radiation in mid life it may put her at risk. CAT scans have 600 times more radiation.
16. Previous History of Breast Cancer-If you have had breast cancer you are at a higher risk for recurrence. Atypical hyperplasia, a biopsy confirmed hyperplastia and some types of in situ may put you at risk. Not all in situ turns into breast cancer; in fact, it is not all being treated in Europe.
17. Obesity-If you are obese, you maybe at risk because of a large amount or hormones circulating in stored fat. Studies show that both pre and post menopausal women are more likely to die of the disease if they are obese. Other studies show being overweight after menopuse or gaining weight as an adult puts you at risk. (You may want to have your cholesterol, triglycerides, thyroid and vitamin D levels checked.)"
                                                                                                   -Peggy Anderson, Author of Dear Auntie, Why Me?
Triple Negative Breast Cancer-This occurs in roughly 15% of the women. There a 6 subtypes of TNBC: 2 basal-like (BL1 and BL2), an immunomodulaory (IM),
mesenchymal (M), a mesenchymal stem-like (MSL), and a luminal androgen receptor (LAR) subtype. http://www.jci.og/articles/view/45014